Overview of Homelessness in 2012

Shelter Counts in 2012 (Cuyahoga County)

  • 8,428 individuals served in 2012 up 23% compared to the two previous years.
  • 3,210 were newly homeless in 2012.
  • Average length of stay in the emergency shelter in 2012 was 20 days for single adults and 52 days for families.  Average length of stay in transitional shelters in 2012 was 174 days for singles and 258 days for families.
  • 54% of the singles who leave emergency shelter have some income with only 22% leaving with earned income.
  • Only 10% of the population leave to a permanent destination from emergency shelter while 41% leave transitional shelters to a permanent destination.

 Shelter Counts in 2010 (National)

  • In 2010, >1.59 million people spent at least one night in an emergency shelter or transitional housing, 2.2% percent increase from 2009.
  • African Americans between the age of 31 to 50 with disabilities are over represented in the homeless community. 
  • Individuals: more likely to be White men, over 30 years old, and have a disabling condition.
  • Families: Adults more likely to be younger, non-disabled African-American women.

 2010 Point in Time Estimate

(one night in January)

  • Nationally, 636,017 total homeless people in the United States.
  1. 399,836 people homeless as individuals (63%)
  2. 236,181 people were homeless as persons in families (37%), in 77,186 family households.
  3. 62% of homeless were in shelter, 38% unsheltered
  • Ohio: 12,407; Cuyahoga County: 2,278 homeless (increase from previous years and highest since 2006)
  1. -         Sheltered: 2,140 (94% --increase from previous years and highest since 2006.)
  2. -         Unsheltered: 138 (6% --increase from previous year.)

 Doubled up in OH & Cuyahoga County

  • · Ohio: 192,978 in 2009 (17.4% increase from 2008, NAEH)
  • ·Cuyahoga County in 2008: 14,887 Doubled up individuals (using most conservative of three definitions):
  1.  42% Children
  2. 66% Renters
  3. 32% have a Severe Rent Burden (spend more than 50% of their income on housing related costs.
  4. 53% live in Crowded Housing Conditions (comparing number of persons to number of rooms in residence)
  5.  70% City of Cleveland

Shared Households Nationally

  • Definition: a shared household as a household with at least one resident adult who is not enrolled in school and who is neither the householder, nor the spouse or cohabiting partner of the householder.
  • In spring 2007, there were 19.7 million shared households
  • By spring 2010, the number of shared households had increased by 11.4 percent, while all households increased by only 1.3 percent
  • In 2010, shared households accounted for 18.7 percent of all households, up from 17.0 percent in 2007.

Overall Poverty Figures

  1. Estimated number of homeless people in Cleveland (doubled up and shelter users in 2011) was 22,500 people.
  2. There were 11,000 new evictions in the City of Cleveland in 2011 and a total of 21,600 new eviction filed in Cuyahoga County.
  3. Over 64,000 unduplicated individuals applied for a housing voucher in 2012 declaring that they needed help with housing and could not afford the housing that was available in our community.  Only 10,000 names were drawn, and those individuals at the bottom of the list will wait five to seven years. 
  4. NEOCH estimates that there are 1,600 to 1,800 veteran families that struggle with housing in Cuyahoga County based on HUD and 2009 U.S. Census American Community Service data.
  5. The National Low Income Housing Coalition reports in 2011 that housing is becoming more “Out of Reach” for residents. They estimated that a household must work 55 hours at a wage of $13.52 in order to afford the average two-bedroom apartment.
  6. Cuyahoga County saw a 10% decline in foreclosures between 2011 and 2010 to the smallest number in six years at 11,544.