Poverty and Homelessness in Ohio - 2015

 

Top 11 Counties by population in Ohio sorted by percentage of people living in poverty

County

Major City

Number living in

Poverty

Percentage of total population living in poverty

Estimate Number of Homeless People

Percent of Children under 18 living in poverty

Percentage  of those 65 yrs. old and older living in poverty

Lucas

Toledo 

82,871

19.6%

8,287

29.2%

8.4%

Cuyahoga

Cleveland 

223,145

18.2%

21,198

25.8%

10.0%

Montgomery

Dayton 

92,064

17.9%

8,286

27.1%

8.2%

Franklin

Columbus 

209,412

17.1%

18,847

24.3%

8.8%

Hamilton

Cincinnati 

130,917

16.6%

11,127

22.6%

7.9%

Mahoning

Youngstown 

37,027

16.4%

3,147

26.7%

7.6%

Butler

Hamilton 

54,382

14.9%

4,350

19.9%

5.3%

Summit

Akron 

76,360

14.3%

6,109

21.8%

7.1%

Lorain

Lorain/Elyria

40,008

13.5%

3,201

21.7%

5.5%

Stark

Canton 

48,391

13.3%

3,871

20.1%

6.9%

Lake

Painesville 

17,481

7.1%

1,224

11.0%

7.2%

Other Counties in Northeast Ohio sorted by percentage of people living in poverty

Ashtabula

Jefferson/Ashtabula

18,406

19.3%

1,841

30.1%

12.0%

Columbiana

Lisbon 

13,627

13.5%

1,090

17.3%

7.1%

Trumbull

Warren 

36,181

18.1%

3,256

27.6%

7.7%

Portage

Ravenna

21,771

14.0%

1,742

17.6%

3.7%

Erie

Sandusky

9,108

12.2%

683

24.3%

4.5%

Geauga

Chardon

6,380

6.9%

447

9.5%

7.2%

Medina

Medina

12,587

7.2%

881

10.3%

4.3%

OHIO

State total

1.674 mil

14.8%

133,920

20.9%

7.6%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Department of Housing and Urban Development released a report assessing the number of homelessness people in the United States every year since 2007.  The researchers when pressed said that many studies have found that somewhere between 7-10% of a County’s population living in poverty become homeless in a year.  We used the figure from U.S. Census, the most recent figures available, the 90% confidence interval or the figure that the Census has the most confidence.  Then we applied the 7-10% figure that researchers had determined.  The higher the poverty rate the larger number we used. So Counties with 19% or more we used the 10% figure then 9.75% then 9.5% and on down to 7% for the richer counties.   While we did not count every homeless person, we feel that these are good numbers for planning and assessment.  It also should be understood that in Counties that have not recovered from the last recession including Cuyahoga County homelessness has only grown over the last two years. We are using the broader Department of Education definition for homelessness.