Poverty and Homelessness in Ohio - 2014

 

Top 11 Counties by population in Ohio sorted by percentage of people living in poverty


County

Major City

Number of People in the County 2014

Number of People Living in Poverty 2014

% Total Population Living below Poverty
Level

Estimated Number of Homeless People

% of Children under the age of 18 Living in Poverty

% Of Those 65 Years and Older Living in Poverty

Lucas

 

Toledo

 

425,048

 

87,175

 

20.50%

 

8,717

 

29.30%

 

9.30%

 

Mahoning

 

Youngstown

 

224,740

 

42,092

 

18.70%

3,998

29.40%

 

7.60%

 

Cuyahoga

 

Cleveland

 

1,241,330

 

230,111

 

18.50%

21,860

27.90%

 

10.80%

 

Franklin

 

Columbus

 

1,170,641

 

210,472

 

18.00%

 

19,994

25.30%

 

8.50%

 

Montgomery

 

Dayton

 

517,174

 

95,667

 

18.50%

 

9,088

 

28.40%

 

8.90%

 

Hamilton

 

Cincinnati

 

785,362

 

144,831

 

18.40%

 

13,758

27.60%

 

9.20%

 

Summit

 

Akron

 

532,863

 

78,494

 

14.70%

 

6,671

21.20%

 

7.70%

 

Butler

 

Hamilton

 

361,881

 

52,721

 

14.60%

 

4,481

21.80%

 

3.90%

 

Lorain

 

Lorain/Elyria

 

292,688

 

42,680

 

14.60%

 

3,627

22.90%

 

7.70%

 

Stark

 

Canton

 

365,918

 

54,931

 

15.00%

 

4,806

22.90%

 

7.10%

 

Lake

 

Painesville

 

226,785

 

20,848

 

9.20%

 

1,459

12.50%

 

6.20%

 

 








Ohio State Total

 

11,243,508

 

1,790,564

 

15.90%

 

109,649

23.10%

 

8.00%

 

 

The Department of Housing and Urban Development released a report assessing the number of homelessness people in the United States every year since 2007.  The researchers when pressed said that many studies have found that somewhere between 7-10% of a County’s population living in poverty become homeless in a year.  We used the figure from U.S. Census, the most recent figures available, the 90% confidence interval or the figure that the Census has the most confidence.  Then we applied the 7-10% figure that researchers had determined.  The higher the poverty rate the larger number we used. So Counties with 20% or more we used the 10% figure then 9.75% then 9.5% and on down to 7% for the richer counties.   While we did not count every homeless person, we feel that these are good numbers for planning and assessment.  It also should be understood that in Counties that have not recovered from the last recession including Cuyahoga County homelessness has only grown over the last two years. We are using the broader Department of Education definition for homelessness.