Poverty and Homelessness in Ohio--2013

Top 11 Counties by population in Ohio sorted by percentage of people living in poverty

County

Major City

Number living in

Poverty

Percentage of total population living in poverty

Estimate Number of Homeless People

Percent of families w/children living in poverty

Percentage  of those 65 yrs. old and older living in poverty

Lucas

Toledo

92,077

21.6%

9,207

29.7%

10.3%

Mahoning

Youngstown

40,145

17.8%

3,613

26.2%

8.6%

Cuyahoga

Cleveland

235,122

19.0%

23,512

28.0%

11.9%

Franklin

Columbus

209,500

17.7%

18,855

25.5%

9.2%

Montgomery

Dayton

97,360

18.7%

9,493

29.3%

8.6%

Hamilton

Cincinnati

146,667

18.7%

13,200

26.1%

11.4%

Summit

Akron

78,021

14.6%

6,631

19.8%

8.0%

Butler

Hamilton

47,726

13.3%

3,937

17.4%

5.1%

Lorain

Lorain/Elyria

42,971

14.6%

3,652

24.0%

7.8%

Stark

Canton

56,465

15.4%

5,081

23.6%

8.1%

Lake

Painesville

20,388

9.0%

1,427

10.9%

8.0%

Other Counties in Northeast Ohio sorted by percentage of people living in poverty

Ashtabula

Jefferson/

Ashtabula

17,940

18.7%

1,704

29.4%

6.8%

Columbiana

Lisbon

18,687

18.3%

1,681

31.2%

8.3%

Trumbull

Warren

38,963

19.2%

3,799

35.6%

6.7%

Portage

Ravenna

28,356

18.1%

2,552

22.8%

7.8%

Erie

Sandusky

11,707

15.6%

936

23.2%

5.6%

Geauga

Chardon

6,849

7.3%

479

9.0%

4.7%

Medina

Medina

10,051

5.8%

703

6.6%

4.5%

OHIO

State total

1.79 mil

16.0%

148,250

22.7%

8.4%

The Department of Housing and Urban Development released a report assessing the number of homelessness people in the United States every year since 2007.  The researchers when pressed said that many studies have found that somewhere between 7-10% of a County’s population living in poverty become homeless in a year.  We used the figure from U.S. Census, the most recent figures available, the 90% confidence interval or the figure that the Census has the most confidence.  Then we applied the 7-10% figure that researchers had determined.  The higher the poverty rate the larger number we used. So Counties with 20% or more we used the 10% figure then 9.75% then 9.5% and on down to 7% for the richer counties.   While we did not count every homeless person, we feel that these are good numbers for planning and assessment.  It also should be understood that in Counties that have not recovered from the last recession including Cuyahoga County homelessness has only grown over the last two years. We are using the broader Department of Education definition for homelessness.