Poverty and Homelessness in Ohio--2012

Top 11 Counties by population in Ohio sorted by percentage of people living in poverty

County

Major City

Number living in

Poverty

Percentage of total population living in poverty

Estimate Number of Homeless People

Percent of families living in poverty

Percentage  of those 65 yrs. old and older living in poverty

 Lucas  Toledo  97,029 22.7%
9,703
 29.1%  10.2%
 Hamilton Cincinnati
 155,236 19.8%
 15,136  26.7%
   9.0%
 Mahoning  Youngstown    42,974
 18.9%
  4,082
 27.4%    9.6%
 Montgomery  Dayton    96,814
 18.7%   9,197
 24.1%
    8.3%
 Cuyahoga  Cleveland  230,246  18.6%  21,873  23.4%   11.3%
 Franklin  Columbus  209,041  17.9%  18,814  19.7%    8.1%
 Summit  Akron  84,022  15.8%    6,932
 20.1%
   6.8%
 Lorain  Lorain/Elyria  41,922  14.4%
   3,249
 19.4%    7.9%
 Stark  Canton  52,954
 14.5%    4,104
 19.7%    7.0%
 Butler  Hamilton  50,459  14.0%    3,911
 15.5%    6.5%
 Lake  Painesville  21,650   9,5%
   1,515
 11.8%    8.4%

Other Counties in Northeast Ohio sorted by percentage of people living in poverty

 Ashtabula  Jefferson/Ashtabula  20,055   20.9%
   2,005
  24.5%
   10.1%
 Columbiana  Lisbon  15,482   15.1%
   1,239
  21.0%
     8.5%
 Trumbull  Warren  36,243   17.9%
   3,352
  26.4%
     7.1%
 Portage  Ravenna  23,930   15.4%
   1,914
  13.7%
     3.3%
 Erie  Sandusky    7,849
  10.4%
      569
    9.9%
     6.8%
 Geauge  Chardon    7,699
   8.3%
      538
    9.1%
     5.9%
 Medina  Medina   13,245
   7.7%
      927
    9.1%
     4.4%
 OHIO  State total
 1.824 Million
  16.3%
 173,000   20.4%
     8.0%

The Department of Housing and Urban Development released a report assessing the number of homelessness people in the United States every year since 2007.  The researchers when pressed said that many studies have found that somewhere between 7-10% of a County’s population living in poverty become homeless in a year.  We used the figure from U.S. Census, the most recent figures available, the 90% confidence interval or the figure that the Census has the most confidence.  Then we applied the 7-10% figure that researchers had determined.  The higher the poverty rate the larger number we used. So Counties with 20% or more we used the 10% figure then 9.75% then 9.5% and on down to 7% for the richer counties.   While we did not count every homeless person, we feel that these are good numbers for planning and assessment.  It also should be understood that in Counties that have not recovered from the last recession including Cuyahoga County homelessness has only grown over the last two years. We are using the broader Department of Education definition for homelessness.