Poverty and Homelessness in Ohio--2011

Top 11 Counties by population in Ohio sorted by percentage of people living in poverty

County

Major City

Number living in

Poverty

Percentage of total population living in poverty

Estimate Number of Homeless People

Percent of families living in poverty

Percentage  of those 65 yrs. old and older living in poverty

Lucas

Toledo

100,839

23.4 %

10,084

18.2 %

4.2 %

Mahoning

Youngstown

39,729

17.3 %

3,973

13.3 %

1.5 %

Cuyahoga

Cleveland

230,992

18.6 %

23,100

14.3 %

5.7 %

Franklin

Columbus

216,624

18.8 %

21,662

13.7 %

3.9 %

Montgomery

Dayton

95,714

18.5 %

9,571

13.9 %

5.0 %

Hamilton

Cincinnati

143,924

18.3 %

14,392

14.5 %

3.3 %

Summit

Akron

87,783

16.6 %

8,778

11.9 %

5.1 %

Butler

Hamilton

49,753

13.9 %

4,851

10.3 %

4.5 %

Lorain

Lorain/Elyria

44,980

15.4 %

4,498

11.3 %

1.9 %

Stark

Canton

59,874

16.3 %

5,987

11.4 %

2.4 %

Lake

Painesville

23,029

10.1 %

2,073

6.4 %

0.9 %

Other Counties in Northeast Ohio sorted by percentage of people living in poverty

Ashtabula

Jefferson/

Ashtabula

20,630

21.2 %

2,063

15.9 %

4.9 %

Columbiana

Lisbon

17,393

16.8 %

1,739

12.7 %

5.6 %

Trumbull

Warren

33,643

16.4 %

3,364

13.3 %

3.6 %

Portage

Ravenna

25,888

16.7 %

2,589

11.2 %

3.1 %

Erie

Sandusky

8,665

11.4 %

801

22.4 %

2.0 %

Geauga

Chardon

7,592

8.2 %

607

4.3 %

3.2 %

Medina

Medina

17,447

10.2 %

1,570

7.3 %

3.4 %

OHIO

State total

1.8 Million

16.4 %

180,000

12.0 %

3.8 %

The Department of Housing and Urban Development released a report assessing the number of homelessness people in the United States in February 2007.  The researchers when pressed said that many studies have found that somewhere between 9-10% of a County’s population living in poverty become homeless in a year.  We used the figure from U.S. Census, the most recent figures available, the 90% confidence interval or the figure that the Census has the most confidence.  Then we applied the 9-10% figure that researchers had determined.  The higher the poverty rate the larger number we used. So Counties with 14% or more we used the 10% figure then 9.75% then 9.5% and on down to 8% for the richer counties.   While we did not count every homeless person, we feel that these are good numbers for planning and assessment.  It also should be understood that in Counties that have not recovered from the last recession including Cuyahoga County homelessness has only grown over the last two years. We are using the broader Department of Education definition for homelessness.

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