State of Fair Housing in Northeast Ohio

At the May Cuyahoga Affordable Housing Alliance Meeting, Hilary King, executive director of the Housing Research and Advocacy Center, presented the results of the Annual report on Fair Housing in Northeast Ohio.  Fair Housing complaints continued to increase and here are few of the statistics. The full report is available on HRAC website at TheHousingCenter.org.  We will give an overview comparison between 2000 and 2010.  The six counties are Ashtabula, Cuyahoga, Geauga, Lake, Lorain, and Medina

Population remained about the same for the region and for Cuyahoga County.

                                                        2000                               2010

Cuyahoga                                    1,393 million                                       1,280 million

Six County Region                         2,250 million                                      2,178 million

Minority Populations stayed relatively steady in the last 10 years.

Cuyahoga White population            67.4%                                                 63.6%

Cuyahoga African American pop.     27.4%                                                29.7%

Regional White population              76.9%                                               74.9%

Regional African American pop.        18.5%                                              19.3%

Foreign Born Population has increased over the last 10 years in Greater Cleveland

Cuyahoga Population Foreign Born    6.4%                                              7.0%

Regional Population Foreign Born       5.1%                                              5.5%

The population is aging in Cuyahoga County and in the Region with fewer households with individuals under 18 years old over the last 10 years old.

Cuyahoga households under 18 years old   31.7%                                  28.4%

Six County households under 18 years old   33.4%                                 29.9%

The population with a disability for 2010 is broken down by age group.

Cuahoga County percent under 18 years old with a disability                 5.4%

Six county region poulation under 18 years old with a disability              4.1%

Cuyahoga County population between 18 and 64 years old with a disability      12.0%

Six County regional population between 18 and 64 years old with a disability     11.2%

Cuyahoga County population over 65 years old with a disability              38.3%

Six County regional population over 65 years old with a disability            36.4%

This is the state of the population who may fall under the Fair Housing Act according to the US Census.

Just a reminder that the Fair Housing Act on the federal level prohibits discrimination based on

  • race, color, religion, national origin, sex, familial status, and handicap.

Ohio law adds ancestry and military status as prohibitions under the state fair housing law. 

Complaints filed with HUD in the Region are   90                                           199

Cuyahoga County Complaints filed                 73                                            154

Fair Housing Complaints over 10 years 2001-2010                                       1,513

Fair Housing Complaints over 10 years 1991-2000                                          990

Fair Housing Complaints in Cuyahoga County over 10 years 2001-2010       1,048

Fair Housing Complaints in Cuyahoga County over 10 years 1991-2000          871

Percentage of cases involving race in Cuyahoga County 2001-2010:             36%

Percentage of cases involving religion in Cuyahoga County 2001-2010:          2.5%

Percentage of cases involving familial status in Cuyahoga County 2001-2010: 19%

Percentage of cases involving disability in Cuyahoga County 2001-2010:         21.5%

It has to be made clear that the number of complaints are a vast undercount.  Most people who face discrimination do not realize it or do not have the means or time to file a complaint.  These complaints are the very tip of the iceberg, but the numbers do demonstrate trends.  From the statistics above either more people are filing complaints or violations are increasing in the community.  The Housing Center lists recommendations to reduce fair housing complaints in their report and they describe the method for collecting these complaints.  If you have concerns over discrimination or problems with a landlord that you believe is making rental decisions based on discriminatory prejudices contact the Housing Center

Brian Davis