Enacting policies that "meet the educational needs of homeless families" Ohio is at the bottom of the listing. This comes from the Institute for Children, Poverty and Homelessness www.icphusa.org and their recent American Almanac of Family Homelessness published in 2015. The ranking includes the identification of homeless students and then the assistance offered to the families. This is a statewide average so programs in Cleveland and Columbus may be top performers while programs in Cincinnati and Youngstown are stumbling. Other factors include the percentage of kids in Head Start or Early Head Start, the total number of homeless kids and the percentage of the overall poverty. The number living doubled up compared to sheltered and the number helped with college financial aid in the state are some of the other factors.