Facts On Homelessness In Cuyahoga County

  • Based on a “point in time” count of homeless persons in January, 2005, 2,198 homeless persons were identified. Of these, 1,208 were in emergency shelters, 738 were in transitional housing, and 252 were unsheltered and living on the street.
  • NEOCH also believes that there are another 2,000 people “uncounted” on the streets in abandoned buildings and in remote locations outside of the downtown area every night.
  • Of the 2,198 homeless persons identified in the January, 2005 count, 147 were families with children.  We have no idea how many people sleep in an overcrowded apartment or are “doubled up.”
  • In a background study prepared for Housing First, the Levin College at Cleveland State University estimated that the homeless population of Cuyahoga County most likely ranged between 12,546 and 18,122 persons per year. This includes persons who were episodically homeless and those who are homeless but unknown to the system of care.
  • NEOCH believes that there are 25,000 people homeless in the year 2004.  This includes people who do not seek shelter during the course of the year, but stay on the street or in condemned or abandoned buildings.
  • Cuyahoga County has a minimum unmet need for at least 3,384 units of shelter for homeless individuals, and 170 units of shelter for homeless families, according to an analysis completed for the Cuyahoga County Continuum of Care, Office of Homeless Services.
  • In 2000, 116,079 households representing 20.3% of all households in Cuyahoga County were “extremely low income” based on this criterion. Of these, 64,060 (55.2%) lived in Cleveland and 52,019 (44.8%) lived in the remainder of Cuyahoga County.
  • 35,706 households in Cuyahoga County had income of 10% or less of AMI in 2000 – less than $5,540 per year! This represents 3.9% of all households in the county. In Cleveland, 11.7% of all households reported income of less than 10% AMI – less than $5,540 – in 2000.
  • In 2000, 75.5% of all Cuyahoga County households with annual income of $16,620 or less carried significant rent burden (had rent and related expenses greater than $416/month). 62.3% of very low income Cleveland households and 87.1% of very low income suburban residents carried significant rent burden in 2000.
  • In 2004, there were 12,000 evictions (around 95% for non-payment of rent) within the City of Cleveland. This is the second largest total in the last 25 years.
  • Ohio has experienced an alarming rise in foreclosures.  In 53 counties including Cuyahoga County foreclosures are four times as large as the number in 1994.  There were 8,686 foreclosure filings in 2003 in Cuyahoga County, a 25% increase since 2001.
  • In the face of so many in need of housing, the 2000 U.S. Census found that Cleveland had a 10% vacancy rate in their multi-family/duplex apartment market.

From the Northeast Ohio Coalition for the Homeless and Heading Home Cleveland Summer 2005

www.neoch.org and www.headinghomecleveland.org