This graph shows the downward trend in emergency service money for shelters and supportive services and the extreme rise in funding for permanent supportive housing. It raises the question why do the federal homeless dollars go to support the permanent housing for people with long term health disabilities?
HMIS = Homeless Management Information Systems (the computer network that processes all the information of everyone who enters shelter or asks for homeless services in America.
PH/PSH=Permanent Housing and Permanent Supportive Housing. These are the funds to build, maintain, provide case managers and the on-going rental costs associated with people who were homeless for a long period of time and also had some disability (alcoholism, mental health, AIDS, physical disability, etc.) In Cleveland these are new projects such as Greenbridge, Liberty Commons or Buckeye typically of 60 single efficiency apartments spread out throughout the city. In other cities, these involved renovated apartments not built brand new or mixed use facilities with multiple populations or even vouchers so the individual is placed in an existing apartment and the case manager comes to see them on a regular basis. These individuals are typically placed into the housing from the streets before they address their sobriety or are stabilized on medication.
PH/RRH=Permanent Housing/Rapid Rehousing. These are typically housing vouchers in which the individual pays 30% of their income toward the housing and the government pays the rest or a short term rental assistance two months to six months while the head of the household finds a stable source of income.
SH=Safe Havens. These are typically shelter for behavior health individuals and typically are crisis intervention housing. The individuals can come in anonymously and get stable.
SSO=Supportive Services Only. These are programs that help stabilize a person from legal assistance, identification or paying for a birth certificate, housing counselors, eviction prevention, applying for benefits, etc.
TH=Transitional Housing. These are shelters that can house an individual for up to two years. The individual does not lose their homeless status and usually comprehensive services are offered in addition to the housing. These are typically housing for those in recovery since the alcohol and drug treatment programs are so limited, reserved for drug courts, and/or overwhelmed that they do a poor job of serving homeless people.
These funds do not include Emeregency shelters which are funded by a separate pool of funding.